According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “ Leishmaniasis is a
parasitic disease that is found in parts of the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. It is
classified as a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) . Leishmaniasis is caused by infection with
Leishmania parasites, which are spread by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies .” Since 2 the start
of the Syria crisis, the spread of this disease has become a major health concern.
In an effort to prevent future cases of Leishmaniasis, a strategic campaign was
implemented to spray the exterior of houses in Syria with insecticide. Targeted areas, such as
garbage dumps that accumulate flies responsible for spreading the disease, were also sprayed
with insecticide as a preventative measure.
Since Leishmaniasis is transmitted through the bite of flies smaller than mosquitoes,
spraying the houses with insecticide is an effective preventative measure to reduce the number
of future cases.

As an extra precaution, the interior of some homes in Afrin City and 309 villages were
also sprayed inside the houses. The campaign successfully sprayed 65,000 houses and by the
end of the campaign, 40,000 households in Afrin, Rajo, Jenderes and other villages were